An anti-tank rocket was fired from the Palestinian resistance at an Israeli jeep on November 10, which Israel has described as the initial provocation in the latest round of hostilities.
However the Israeli forces encircling the Gaza Strip killed a mentally unfit man approaching the border fence on November 4. They called upon him to stop, and when he did not heed their calls, they shot him down and then prevented Palestinian medics from reaching him for hours, causing him to die from what were thought to be treatable injuries. And on November 8 Israeli forces shot at Ahmed Younis Khader Abu Daqqa, who was playing soccer with his friends 1500 metres from an Israeli military post when a gunman put a bullet through his abdomen. He died soon after. Ahmed was 13.
So that rocket from the Palestinians could be seen to have been responding to these attacks on civilians by Israelis.
It's clear as usual that either side could be targeted as the instigator.
In conflict resolution both parties have to admit their 50%. It is a terrible life for Israelis and Palestinians living close to the occupied areas, when politicians on both sides escalate rather than negotiate.