The Mudcat Café TM
Thread #97222   Message #1910748
Posted By: Richie
15-Dec-06 - 11:20 PM
Thread Name: Origins: Weevily Wheat
Subject: RE: Origins: Weevily Wheat
Here's some info from Andrew Kuntz:

OVER THE RIVER TO CHARLIE [1]. Irish, Scottish, English, American, Jig or Song Tune. USA, West Virginia. G Major. Standard. AAB. The tune, states Bayard (1981), has been extremely popular as a vocal and instrumental air since the second half of the 18th century. Sometimes the order of the parts is reversed, or, in vocal sets, only the second half is used. Bayard's source learned the tune as a boy in West Virginia and related that people used to dance a "sword dance" to it, substituting crossed broomsticks for swords. Vocal versions of the tune (in either 6/8, 2/4 or 4/4 time) include "Billy O'Rourke the Bouchal" (Pa.), "Mr. Grumble" (Pa.), "The Battle of Harlaw," "The Baffled Knight" (The Shepherd's Son), "Sir Hugh," and "The Earl of Errol." Instrumental variants are usually in 6/8 time, he says, and appear as "Miss/Mrs./Mistress/Madam Casey/Cassey," "Is It Silk That's in Your Bag, My Boy" (An Sioda Ata id' Bhalluit, a Bhuachaill), "The Brown Wallet." Source for notated version: James Taylor (Wetzel County, W.Va., 1930's) [Bayard]. Bayard (Dance to the Fiddle), 1981; No. 555, pg. 493.

OVER THE RIVER TO CHARLIE [2]. AKA ‑ "Over the Water To Charlie." AKA and see "We Prefer Our Own King," "Wha'll (Who'll) Be King But Charlie," "Royal Charlie," "Fy Buckle Your Belt," "More Power to Ye," "Behind the Bush in the Garden [1]." Scottish (originally), Irish, American; Jig or March. USA: southwestern Pa.; Wetzel County, W.Va. A Mixolydian. Standard. AB. Bayard (1981) feels this tune has more claim to its title than other of the "River" or "Water" tunes, as it had Jacobite associations prior to its first printing. The earliest version found by him is in Capt. Simon Fraser's collection and appears as "Se'n Righ atha aguin is fear linn" (We Prefer Our Own King), and Fraser's notes indicate that it was known in Ireland as well as Scotland. By 1745, the high tide of the Jacobite rebellion, the tune was disseminated enough to be called "one of the incentives of rebellion" (Fraser) and soon became associated with the anonymous lyrics "Wha'll Be King But Charlie?" by which title instrumental versions are often known. Sources for notated versions: Emery Martin (Dunbar, Pa., 1946) and Scott Phillips (Wetzel County, W.Va., 1930's) [Bayard]. Bayard (Dance to the Fiddle), 1981; 557A‑B, pg. 496.

OVER THE RIVER TO CHARLEY'S. AKA and see "Chapel Hill March," "The New Rigged Ship [1]." Old‑Time, Breakdown. USA; Missouri, Arkansas?. The tune is known in England as "The New-Rigged Ship," while Galax, Va., fiddler Emmett Lundy called it "Chapel Hill March."

Over the river to feed my sheep,
And over the river to Charley;
Over the river to feed my sheep,
On the buckwheat cakes and barley.

Lyrics quoted in "Sketches and Eccentricities of Colonel David Crockett of West Tennessee," by J.S. French, 1833 (Charles Wolfe, The Devil's Box, Sept. 1982). Rounder 0157, Art Galbraith (Springfield, Mo.) ‑ "Simple Pleasures."