Full Scots Glossary
This may ultimately become a useful resource for Mudcatters who wish to understand Scottish song lyrics, and was prompted by recent discussions about FAQ's for newcomers. For the sake of reasonable brevity I have posted the A-C section only. I have longer term hopes of expanding it somewhat to include dialect beyond Scottish, maybe even Australian. A Glossary of about 5,000 words/terms is probably achievable over the next year or two. In the meantime I would appreciate advice as to the best place to house it. Regards, John
PS I'm not emotionally ready to accept detailed reports of errors and omissions just yet, and certainly not in this forum. Please do so via a personal message if you care to add or discuss fine detail.
A Glossary of Scottish Words
A Ah I a a A' all. A' all a bodie someone a haip a lot+ often a maiter o as much as A' THE GO extremely popular a thocht the least bit a wee a little while a while sin some time ago aa a'+ aw all aa ither thin everything else aa weys aw weys in every way aabodie awbodie a'bodie everyone aagates awgates everywhere aamaist awmaist almost aareadies awreadies already aaricht awricht all right aathegither awthegither altogether aathing awthing everything aawhaur everywhere aback behind abee as it is+ alone abeelitie abeilitie ability abeich abeech aloof abi’s abeis+ abees compared with Abiegh aloof Ablins v. aiblins. ablo ablow below Aboon above up. aboot about abraid abroad Abread abroad. Abreed in breadth. abreest Abreist abreast abuin abune; aboon above abuise abuse ABUNE above accoont account accuistom accustom ackwart awkward acquent acquainted Past t. acquent acquant acquaint acquentit acquainted Past perf. acre acre adae ado going on+ being done+ the matter with admeet admeet admit admoneetion admoneition admonition advocate barrister ae one+ the only one AE one+ any ae day one day aefauld honest aefauldlie sincerely aff off AFF off aff luif aff-lufe+ aff-loof off-hand aff o away from Aff-hand at once. Aff-loof offhand. affuird afford A-fiel afield. afore before+ in front of AFORE before Aft oft. AFT often aft(en) affen often Aften often. again agen agane again age age agin again against agley aglay aglee off line aheid ahead Ahin behind. ahint ahent ahin behind Aiberdeen Aberdeen Aiberdour Aberdour Aiberfyle Aberfoil aiblins perhaps aicht echt+ aucht+ eicht eight Aidin Eden aidle liquid manure Aidle foul water. aigle eagle aik oak AIK oak Aiken oaken. ail ail ain (on it's) own AIN+ ANE own+ one ainimal animal ainsel ainsell own self aiple epple apple air air Air early. airch erch arch airieplane aeroplane Airle earnest money. airm erm arm airmie army airn iron airt art aim+ direction airticle article airtit directed AIRTS directions aishan issue ait oat aith oath aither ether either aits oats aiven even aiven on even+ straight+ right Aiver an old horse. aix axe aixle axle aizle ember+ spark+ cinder ajee awry A-jee ajar; to one side. akis acause because aks ax ask alairm alarm Alake alas. alane alone ALANE along alanerlie entirely alang along ale ale alenth alength along alike alyke similar+ the same aliment alimony aller alder allou alloo allow alowe alight+ on fire altho although am am Amaist almost. amang amo among AMANG among ambeetious ambeitious ambitious amens amends Americae Amerikie America amissin missing amna am not amoont amount an and An if. An' and. AN' A' also (and all) an aa an aw an' a' also+ as well+ too an aa that an aw that and all that sort of thing an that and so on etceteras AN+ AN' and ance ance once ANCE once ance eerant eirrant+ eirrand specially for that alone ane one ANE (THEIR ANE) their own ane anither one another ANE+ ANES one+ ones aneath aneith+ aneeth+ anaeth beneath anent concerning+ opposite anerlie only Anes ones. anger anger angry angry anither another ANITHER another annoonce announce annual annual answer answer anter venture antie aunt antrin occasional anxeeitie anxiety A'PLACE everywhere Apryle Aprile April Aqua-fontis spring water. Aqua-vitae whiskey. are ar+ ur+ ir are ARENAE are not argie airgie argue ark airk chest Arle v. airle. arna arena are not /aren't AROUN' around arrae arra arrow artifeecial artifeicial artificial as als+ uz as asclent asklent oblique Ase ashes. ashet serving dish aside asyde beside Asklent askew Aspar aspread. asteer asteir astir astragal glazing bar at at at ane mair at the last push ataa ataw at all A'thegither altogether. athin within athoot ithoot+ athout without athort across+ over Athort athwart. ATHWART across atterie attery infested+ grim+ angry atweel atweill indeed+ in any case Atweel in truth. atween atwein between atweesh atweish between atwixt between aucht aicht echt due+ owed+ own Aught eight. Aught possessed of. Aughten eighteen. Aughtlins at all. Augist August auld aald aul aal ald old AULD LANG SYNE old memories; days gone by Auld Reekie Edinburgh. AULD+ AULDER old+ older aulddame grandmother Auldfarran auldfarrant auld-farrant old fashioned Auld-warld old-world. aum a'um alum aumers embers Aumous alms. aumrie aumry pantry Austrailae Austrailie Australia ava at all+ without stopping AVA' at all AVAUNT away AW all awa away+ along+ ago AWA' away awa aff leaving awaby at home+ off home awaird award Awald backways and doubled up. Awauk awake. Awauken awaken. AWAUKENS awakens awaur aware awe owe awesome awful awfu awfae+ awfie awful Awkart awkward. awn own (belongs to) Awnie bearded. ay aye yes aye ey always+ still AYE yes+ always ayebidin ayebydin eternal ayont beyond AYOUT across Ba' a ball. baa baw+ ba' ball baccie bakkie tobacco back back backarts backwards back-end autumn Backet bucket backin address Backit backed. backlins backwards Backlins-comin coming back. backsey loins of beef Back-yett gate at the back. bad baud bad badderelocks edible seaweed bade endured bade stayed Bade asked. baff a slipper+ a blow baggie a swede Baggie stomach. BAGS bagpipes baignet bayonet Baig'nets bayonets. baillie magistrate Baillie magistrate of a Scots burgh. Bainie bony. baird bard bairge barge bairn child+ baby BAIRN+ BAIRNIE little child bairnheid childhood BAIRNS children Bairntime brood. baith both BAITH both bak bake Bakes biscuits. bakken baked bakkit baked balderrie wild orchid ballant ballad Ballats ballads. BALLOCH mountain pass ballop opening in trousers Balou lullaby. Ban swear. Ban' band (of the Presbyterian clergyman). bananae banana band baun+ baund bound bane bone BANES bones Bang an effort; a blow; a large number. Bang to thump. Banie v. bainie. Bannet bonnet. bannock small loaf Bannock bonnock Bannock nicht Shrove Tuesday banstickle stickleback bap bread roll bapteese bapteise baptise bar baur bar Bardie dim. of bard. BARDY scolding Barefit barefooted. bare-scud ber-scud naked Barket barked. Barley-brie or bree Barm yeast. Barmie yeasty. Barn-yard stackyard. barrae barra+ borra+ borrie+ barrie barrow barrie fine+ excellent Bartie the Devil. bash a drinking bout Bashing abashing. bass a mat bastardin devilish bastart bastard Batch a number. bather bother Bathkit Bathgate batters book cover+ to paste Batts the botts; the colic. bauch bad tasting bauchle bachle+ bauchil distort Bauckie-bird the bat. baud bade baudrons cat+ Baudrons Baudrans bauk beam+ unploughed ridge+ balk Bauk v. bawk. bauken bat Bauk-en' beam-end. bauld bold+ bald Bauldest boldest. Bauldly boldly. Baumy balmy. baur joke+ bar baurber barber baurley baurlie barley baurrel barrel Bauss Rock Bass Rock bawbee half penny bawd(rons) baud a hare Bawdrick Baldridge Bawdrons v. baudrons. bawheid fool Bawk a field path. bawkie backie bat bawsant having a white streak Baws'nt white-streaked. bawtieS rabbit+ hare baxter baker be be beadle church officer bear bear (carry) Bear barley. beard baird beard beardie stone loach beas beis beasts Beas' beasts beast beist beast beastie insect Beastie dim. of beast. beat bait beat beat beaten beb drink beck curtsey become becum become bed bed beef any butchers meat beek beik warm been been Beet feed begesserant sparkling begin begin begoud begude began begowk begeck deceive begrudge grudge begrutten tearstained behauden obliged. beheid behead behuve behuive behove beil biel+ beel suppurate Beild v. biel. bein be-in being belang belong Beld bald. belike probably+ probably+ likely bellaes bellas+ bellies bellows Bellum assault. Bellys bellows. Beltane Mayday belyve soon+ quickly+ at once ben mountain ben inside (a room) Ben a parlor (i.e. inner apartment) bend bend+ benmaist innermost BENMAIST furthest Benmost inmost. benorth north of Be-north to the northward of. bent bent bent(s) common hair-grass bere barley berk bark berm ferment bern barn Berrick Berwick besaunt canonise beseek beseik beseech besmerten besmairten smarten+ tidy besom bizzom broom+ hussy Be-south to the southward of. best best bestmaid bridesmaid beteach to entrust Bethankit grace after meat. better better betterment improvement beuk buik+ buke book+ baked Beuk a book: devil's pictur'd beuks-playing-cards. bewaur beware bewave lay in wait bi by+ beside bi crivens crivvens Christ defend us bi fegs by faith+ truly bi(s) in comparison with+ besides+ than bick bitch bicker skirmish Bicker a wooden cup. Bicker a short run. Bicker to flow swiftly and with a slight noise. Bickerin noisy contention. Bickering hurrying. bid bid+ stayed Bid to ask bidden bid+ endured+ stayed biddin invite BIDDIN stayed bide byde endure+ dwell+ stay BIDE stay BIDE A WEE stay a while Biel bield Biel comfortable. bield beild shelter bien bein comfortable Bien bienly BIEN in good condition big bigg build biggen built+ swollen+ pregnant biggin building biggit built Bike v. byke. Bill the bull. billie billy companion bing heap Bingrie Ballingry Bings heaps. bink bank shelf binna don't be+ unless+ except+ be not binnd bin' bind bird bird Birdie dim. of bird; also maidens. birk birch tree+ cheer Birken birchen. birkenshaw birch wood birkie lively Birkie a fellow. BIRKIN+ BIRKS birches birl turn+ spin BIRLIN' spinning birr whirr Birr force birrie bury birriet birrit buried Birring whirring. birse birss+ burs bristle+ bristles+ anger Birses bristles. birsle scorch Birth berth. birze squeeze biss bizz bustle bit piece Bit small (e.g. Bit nick of time. BIT but Bitch-fou completely drunk. Bizz a flurry. Bizz buzz. Bizzard the buzzard. Bizzie busy. blab blister Black-bonnet the Presbyterian elder. Black-nebbit black-beaked. blad a leaf+ a portfolio+ Blad v. blaud. blae blue grey+ livid blae-bunnet blue tit blain blane scar+ weal blairt outburst blame fault blash splash blashie windy+ rainy Blastet blastit Blastie a blasted (i.e. blate bashful+ shy Blather bladder. blatter rattle+ heavy blow blaud spoil Blaud a large quantity. Blaud to slap blaw blaa+ bla blow Blaw to brag. BLAW+ BLAWN+ BLAWS blow+ blown+ blows Blawing blowing. blawn blaan blown bleb tipple bleck black bleckie blackbird bled bled blee blie dim Bleer to blear. Bleer't bleared. Bleeze blaze. BLEEZE blaze bleize bleaze+ bleeze blaze Blellum a babbler; a railer; a blusterer. blenk moment+ blink blenker blinker eye-lash blether bleather babble+ idle talk+ blather blether bladder Blether blethers bletheration nonsense Bletherin' talking nonsense. BLETHERSKATE silly talker; one who talks too much blew blew Blin' blind. BLIN' OORS hours of darkness Blink a glance Blinkers spies Blinkin smirking blinnd blin' blind blinnd-bat moth Blin't blinded. BLINTERIN glimmering blirt weep+ cry bliss bless Blitter the snipe. blomaist blowmaist lowest blowst brag+ boast Blue-gown the livery of the licensed beggar. bluffert bliffert a squall of wind bluid blude+ blid bleed+ blood BLUID+ BLUIDY+ BLUIDIE blood+ bloody bluidshed bloodshot Bluidy bloody. bluim blume+ blim bloom bluiter blooter+ bluter obliterate Blume to bloom. blunner blun'er blunder Bluntie a stupid. Blypes shreds. blythe blithe pleased+ happy BLYTHELY gaily boar boar BOATIE small boat Bobbed curtsied. bocht boucht bought Bocked vomited. bodach old man Boddle a farthing. Bode look for. bodie body+ boadie+ buddie (some)one Bodkin tailor's needle. Body bodie Boggie dim. of bog. BOGIE boogie man bogle boggil spectre Bogle a bogie bogshaivle distort bole recess Bole a hole Bonie bonnie Bonilie prettily. bonnie bonny beautiful BONNIE beautiful/handsome Bonnock v. Bannock. bonspiel bonspeil curling match BOO bow 'Boon above. boond bound+ boundary Boord board Boord-en' board-end. BOORTREE elder tree Boortress elders. Boost must needs. Boot payment to the bargain. Bore a chink born born borrae borra borrow bosie embrace+ a bosom boss hollow+ boss bossie basin Botch an angry tumor. BOTHAN cottage bothie bothy cottage bou boo bow+ bend bou-backit hump-backed boud boo'd+bou'd bowed+ bent bouer booer bower bougle boogle lurk bouk body+ bulk Bouk a human trunk; bulk. boul bool bowl for game of bowls+ bouls bools The game of bowls or Bountith bounty. Bourshaa Bowershall bourtree boortree elder tree 'Bout about. bowder bolder bowe bow (weapon)+ arch bowf bark Bow-hough'd bandy-thighed. bowk boke+ bock retch+ vomit Bow-kail cabbage. bowl bowel bowl bowlie bow-legged bowlt bent bowster bolster bowt bolt Bow't bent. box boax box boy boay boy brace mantelpiece Brachens ferns. BRADE broad brae slope+ hill BRAE hill braid broad BRAID broad Braik a harrow. Braing't plunged. brainsh brainch branch braird sprout BRAISANT brazen faced braith braeth breath brak brek break+ broken BRAK break brakfast brakefast breakfast Brak's broke his. brammle bramble blackberry brander a grid iron branderin scaffolding brang brought brank prance Brankie gay Branks a wooden curb Bran'y brandy. brash short illness+ burst of Brash short attack. brast burst brat ragged garment+ pinafore Brats small pieces Brats small children. brattle clatter Brattle a scamper. Brattle noisy onset. BRATTLIN rushing noisily braw bra fine Braw handsome BRAW fine brawlie splendidly+ thoroughly brawlie altogether Brawlie finely brawlike fine braws finery braxie braxy sheep's disease Braxies sheep that have died of braxie (a disease). Breastie dim. of breast. Breastit sprang forward. brecham horse collar Brechan ferns. breckens bracken bree brie brew+ the brunt+ gravy breed breed breeks breiks trousers BREEKS trousers breekums very short trousers breer breer brier breeshle breeshle rush breest breist breast Breetish Breitish British breid breed bread breil breel race breinge breenge barge brent brand v. Brent brand. Brent straight bress brass breuk bruik+ bruke+ brook broke brew broo+ brou liquid brewster brewer bricht bright brickle brittle BRIDLE wedding Brie v. barley-brie. Brief writ. Brier briar. brig bridge Brig o Dee Bridge of Dee bring bring brinkie comely Brisket breast. brither brother brittle difficult Broad-claith broad-cloth. broch burgh Brochheid Burghhead brocht brought brochten brought Brochtie Broughty Ferry Brochtoun Broughtown brock badger BROCK badger brockit having black and brod goad+ board+ having brog pierce broggle bungle Brogue a trick. Broo soup Brooses wedding races from the church to the home of the bride. brose oatmeal dish brose soup Brose a thick mixture of meal and warm water; also a synonym for porridge. broth soup brou broo brow brouk brook soil broun broon brown brounkaities bronchitis brousle broosle crush browden pamper Browster wives ale wives. brucken broken bruckle brittle brucklie brittle Brugh a burgh. bruim brume broom Bruimhaa Broomhall bruind flare bruit brute brulyie brulzie brawl Brulzie brulyie BRUME broom (the shrubs cytisus or genista) brung brought brunstane brimstone brunt burnt Brunteelan Brunteilan Burntisland brushers bottles of beer brust burst bubbliejock bubblyjock turkey bucht sheep pen+ bay bucket pale Buckhyne Buckhine Buckhaven Buckie dim. of buck; a smart younker. Buckle a curl. Buckskin Virginian: the buckskin kye bud had to Budget tinker's bag of tools. Buff to bang buffits mumps bug built Bughtin folding. buird burd table+ board buirdlie burdly stalwart Buirdly stalwart. buit bute+ bit boot bul bull buller bellow bullie bullfinch bum drone Bum the buttocks. Bum to hum. bumbaizie confuse bumbee bumble-bee Bum-clock beetle bummle hum+ a wild bee Bummle a drone bund bound Bunker a seat. bunnet bonnet Bunters harlots. Burdies dim. of bird or burd (a lady); maidens. bure buir bore BURGENET duvet+ quilt burn burn+ stream BURN+ BURNIE stream Burnewin the blacksmith (i.e. Burnie dim. of burn Burns nicht 25th January burrae burra burrow Burr-thistle spear-thistle. burst burst bursten bursen burst burstit burst bus omnibus busk adorn Busk to dress; to garb; to dress up; to adorn. BUSK to dress+ make ready buss bush+ dress busskie bushy Bussle bustle. but bit but+ except+ outer But without. But butt butter butter buy buy by by+ past By beside. By himsel beside himself. by wi't done for+ as good as Bye attour (i.e. by and attour) bygae pass bygane past times bygate byway bygaun passing byke bike bees+ wasps or ants nest Byke a bees' nest; a hive; a swarm; a crowd. byle bile boil bylt biled boiled byne bine bowl+ washtub byordinar byordnar unusual byous special byre cow shed byspale wonderful Ca' call CA' THRO' work on CA'+ CA'D call+ called caa ca'+ caw call caad ca'd called caain vocation cabbitch cabbage cabble quarrel cack defecate cackie defecate caddie carrier+ bearer cadge peddle wares+ carry cadger carrier+ disagreeable Cadger a hawker (especially of fish). cadie a mans cap Cadie caddie Caff chaff. cahoutchie cahoochie rubber cailleach old woman caird card+ tinker cairiage cairriage carriage cairie kerry+ cairrie+ cairry carry cairie-on behaviour cairiet carried cairn pile of stones cairpet carpet cairt cart+ map CAIRT cart cairts playing cards caition deposit+ caution caiver caver mumble Calf-ward grazing plot for calves (i.e. Callan callant CALLAN boy callant youth caller fresh Caller cool Callet a trull. cam came CAM came camceil sloping ceiling cammelt crooked camshauchle disordered camsheuch crabbed+ cross grained camsteirie camsteerie+ camstairie perverse+ difficult to can kin may / can canalyie rabble candibrod sugar-candy cangle wrangle Canie cannie canker fret cankert ill-tempered Cankrie crabbed. cankrif cankrife cankering canna canny+ cannie may not / can't cannach cotton grass CANNAE (CANNA) cannot cannie canny gentle+ skilful etc. Canniest quietest. Cannilie cannily CANNY carefully CANNY GAUN easy going cant sing softly cantie canty cheerful+ happy cantle lilt Cantraip magic cantrip magic spell+ frolic Cants merry stories CANTY contented caper caper capercailzie capercaillie the game bird capernoitie capricious+ crazy+ irritable Cape-stanc copestone. capestane caipstane capstone Capon-castrate. carb wrangle+ quarrel care caer care Care na by do not care. carefu carefae+ carefie careful carfuffle curfuffle disorder cark care+ worry Carl carle