The Mudcat Café TM
Thread #123229   Message #2711209
Posted By: Emma B
28-Aug-09 - 08:53 PM
Thread Name: Meaning: I'll dye my petticoat
Subject: RE: Meaning: I'll dye my petticoat
'Stroudwater Red'

The term Stroudcloth or simply 'Stroud' originated in Stroud, Gloucestershire, England which was known for its "Stroudwater Red"; the river water there enabled excellent red-dyed woollens.
The term has come to mean a brush-napped woollen fabric with striped white (undyed) selvedge edges.

This district was known for its fine quality broadcloth which was used for the uniforms of the king's army.

When they first came into contact with Europeans, the Indigenous Peoples of north-eastern America preferred certain colours for artistic and religious reasons

This type of fabric was used by the Cree and Blackfoot to make leggings, dresses, and to add decorative trim to hide shirts, bags, headwear, and necklaces.

When I was in Washington DC last year I visited the wonderful National museum of the American Indian which had an exhibition of some beautiful womens clothing including some made from imported red Stroud cloth

An invoice from the Rocky Mt. outfit 1836 under the charge of Fontenelle, Fitzpatrick & Co from papers
of the American Fur Co lists 1 ps [piece] fancy list blue cloth, 16 ps saved list blue cloth, 3 gray list blue
cloth, 3 black list scarlet cloth, 1 saved list scarlet cloth, 3 saved list scarlet cloth, 3 saved list green cloth.

There is an example of a traditional quilt made from pieces of woollen trade goods (a staple of the fur trade to distant posts such as Fort Edmonton from the Hudson's Bay post) in Edmonton ca. 1870. in the Royal Alberta Museum
Fraser Woollen Stroud Quilt, ca. 1930