The Mudcat Café TM
Thread #132420 Message #2997765
Posted By: Penny S.
01-Oct-10 - 04:43 PM
Thread Name: BS: Great Britain or United Kingdom - which?
Subject: RE: BS: Great Britain or United Kingdom - which?
Repeat posting - the computer ate my homework.
The name Pretani is first recorded by a Greek sailor named Pytheas, sailing out of Marseilles and circumnavigating the island (or possibly islands). It seems to be related to the word creta for chalk, but in 'P' Celtic rather than 'Q' Celtic, and describes the view of large parts of south Britain from the sea or the continent, especially Kent (Kantion in Pytheas, meaning edge or rim.) As chalk is not a distinguishing feature of Wales or Scotland (there is a very small outcrop in the centre of the Arran caldera), and only minor in Northern Ireland, it is obviously a misnomer. Especially since a lot of the north of Gaul would also have been pretannic.
The decorated people would have been the Picti. This name was also taken for a late Roman fleet division which aimed to creep up on Batavian pirates in battleship grey ships with painted faces.