The Mudcat Café TM
Thread #54434   Message #844166
Posted By: masato sakurai
09-Dec-02 - 07:14 PM
Thread Name: Origins: The Seven Joys
Subject: RE: Origins: The Seven Joys
The carol seems to be No. 230 in Greene's Early English Carols, 2nd ed. (p. 144), whose burden and the first stanza are:

a. Balliol College, Oxford. MS. 354
             By John Audelay (?), XVI cent.
f. 219r
    'Aue Maria,' now say we so;
    Mayd and moder were neuer no mo.

Gaude Maria, Cristes moder,
   Mary myld, of the I mene;
Thou bare my Lord, thou bare my broder,
   Thou bare a louly child and clene.
   Thou stodyst full still withowt blyn
         Whan in thy ere that arand was done so;
   Tho gracius God the lyght withyn,
         Gabrielis nuncio.

The note (p. 403) by Greene to the carol, tentatively titled "Of the Five Joys of Mary," is as follows:

   The carol is based on a hymn of the Five Joys, 'Gaude virgo, Mater Christi' (Horae Eboracenses, Publications of the Surtees Society, cxxxii, Durham, 1920, 63). It is not a translation, however.
All the preserved MS. carols in Middle English use the orthodox number of five for the Joys. Seven and twelve and ten are found in traditional folk-songs on the theme collected in modern times, none of which is a direct survival of the texts here selected. According to the note of William H. Husk to his song 'The Twelve Good Joys of Mary', 'The extension of the Seven joys to Twelve is confined to the northern parts of the country, being only found in broadsides printed at Newcastle late in the last, or early in the present century' (Songs of the Nativity, London, 1868, p. 87). O.B.C. [Oxford Book of Carols], Music Edn., in its note to its No. 70, 'Joys Seven', misleadingly refers to 'the Seven Joys of the Sloane MS.'.