Lyrics & Knowledge Personal Pages Record Shop Auction Links Radio & Media Kids Membership Help
The Mudcat Cafesj

Post to this Thread - Sort Descending - Printer Friendly - Home


Lyr Req: Sam Hall (Dubliners, etc.)

DigiTrad:
AIKENDRUM
CAPTAIN KIDD
CAPTAIN ROBERT KIDD
NOBBY HALL
SAM HALL
SAMUEL SMALL (SAM HALL)
TALLOW CANDLES or SONG OF A DOOMED MAN
VAN GOGH
WONDROUS LOVE


Related threads:
(origins) Origins: Sam Hall (66)
Lyr/Tune Req: Ballad of Sam Hall (28)
(origins) Origins: Damn your eyes (41)
Lyr Req: Tom the Cat (9)
(origins) Origins: Sam Hall (37)
(origins) Origins/Info: Tallow Candles (34)
Lyr Req: Sam Hall / Chimney Sweep (Oh my name...) (12)
Lyr Req: Jack Hall (6)


hakan.petersson@imt.liu.se 04 Apr 97 - 02:49 AM
Barry Finn 04 Apr 97 - 03:21 PM
Bert Hansell 04 Apr 97 - 04:38 PM
John O'Keefe 08 Apr 97 - 03:09 PM
Boston Bill 11 Jul 99 - 05:35 AM
Lesley N. 11 Jul 99 - 06:21 AM
Boston Bill 11 Jul 99 - 01:17 PM
Susan of DT 11 Jul 99 - 01:36 PM
Boston Bill 11 Jul 99 - 05:45 PM
Helen 11 Jul 99 - 06:04 PM
Ted from Australia 11 Jul 99 - 06:07 PM
Ted from Australia 11 Jul 99 - 06:11 PM
Legal Eagle 11 Jul 99 - 06:14 PM
Ted from Australia 11 Jul 99 - 06:16 PM
Lesley N. 11 Jul 99 - 08:02 PM
Susan of DT 11 Jul 99 - 08:03 PM
Dick Wisan 11 Jul 99 - 11:45 PM
Joe Offer 12 Jul 99 - 03:29 AM
Steve Parkes 12 Jul 99 - 03:38 AM
BillyJ 12 Jul 99 - 07:43 PM
John in Brisbane 12 Jul 99 - 11:59 PM
Ted from Australia 13 Jul 99 - 07:41 AM
Ted from Australia 13 Jul 99 - 08:07 AM
Ted from Australia 13 Jul 99 - 10:16 AM
John in Brisbane 13 Jul 99 - 07:57 PM
Ted from Australia 14 Jul 99 - 07:25 AM
Boston Bill 21 Jul 99 - 10:52 PM
Share Thread
more
Lyrics & Knowledge Search [Advanced]
DT  Forum
Sort (Forum) by:relevance date
DT Lyrics:





Subject: Sam Hall lyrics requested
From: hakan.petersson@imt.liu.se
Date: 04 Apr 97 - 02:49 AM

I'm looking for the Samuel Small lyrics as sung by The Dubliners. I can't find them - I'd appreciate any help.


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: Lyr Add: SAMUEL HALL
From: Barry Finn
Date: 04 Apr 97 - 03:21 PM

In 1701 a chimney named Jack Hall was hung for burglary and the ballad is much the same as Sam Hall, written by C.W. Ross, a comic minstrel from England in the 1850's.

Now my name is Samuel Hall, Sam Hall
Oh my name is Samuel Hall
Oh my name is Samuel Hall, & I hate you one & all
You're a bunch of muckers all blast your eyes.

Now I killed a man they said, so they said
Oh I killed a man they said, yes they said
I killed a man they said & I left him layin' dead
Caused I bashed his bloody head, blast his eyes.

Now they put me in the quad, in the quad
Oh they put me in the quad
Oh they put me in the quad & they left me there by God
Fastened to a chain & rod, blast their eyes.

Now the preacher he did come, he did come
Oh the preacher he did come, he did come
Oh the preacher he did come & he looked so doggoned glum
As he talked of Kingdom Come, blast his eyes.

And the sheriff he come too, he come too
Oh the sheriff he come too, he come too
Oh the sheriff he come too with his yellow boys & blue
Sayin' Sam, I'll see you through, blast your eyes.

Oh it's up the rope I go, I go
It's up the rope I go, I go
Oh it's up the rope I go while you critters down below
Are sayin' Sam I told you so, blast your eyes.

Oh it's swingin' I must go, I must go
It's a swingin' I must go
It's a swingin' I must go, just because she loved him so
Just because she loved him so, blast her eyes.

I must hang until I'm dead, dead, dead
I must hang until I'm dead
I must hang until dead caused I killed a man, they said
And left him layin' dead, blast his eyes

Another goodnight song,mentioned above is Jack Hall, Captain (Robert) Kidd, another, who was also hung in 1701. Davy Louston a song of sealers & Ye Jacobites By Name also used the same air, (or close).


HTML line breaks added. -JoeClone 09-Jan-2001


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: Lyr Add: NOBBY HALL
From: Bert Hansell
Date: 04 Apr 97 - 04:38 PM

I remember a schoolboy version of that one....

His name was Nobby Hall, Nobby Hall, Nobby Hall
His name was Nobby Hall, Nobby Hall
His name was Nobby Hall and he only had one - arm
His name was Nobby Hall, Nobby Hall

They say he killed his wife, killed his wife, killed his wife
They say he killed his wife, killed his wife
They say he killed his wife, but it wasn't with a knife
They say he killed his wife, killed his wife

They sent him to the quad, to the quad, to the quad
They sent him to the quad, to the quad
They sent him to the quad 'cos he was a wicked - man
They sent him to the quad, to the quad

The judge's name was Hunt, name was Hunt, name was Hunt
The judge's name was Hunt, name was Hunt
The judge's name was Hunt and he was a silly - fool
The judge's name was Hunt, name was Hunt

The jailer's name was Jock, name was Jock, name was Jock
The jailer's name was Jock, name was Jock
The jailer's name was Jock and his keys hung from his - belt
The jailer's name was Jock, name was Jock

The parson came at last, came at last, came at last
The parson came at last, came at last
The parson came at last, with his prayer book up his - sleeve
The parson came at last, came at last,

So they hung poor Nobby Hall, Nobby Hall, Nobby Hall
they hung poor Nobby Hall, Nobby Hall
they hung poor Nobby Hall, by his one remaining - arm
they hung poor Nobby Hall, Nobby Hall
^^


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: Lyr Add: SAM HALL
From: John O'Keefe
Date: 08 Apr 97 - 03:09 PM

This is the version I know:

Oh, me name it is Sam Hall, chimney sweep, chimney sweep
Oh, me name it is Sam Hall, chimney sweep
Oh, me name it is Sam Hall and I've robbed both great and small
And me neck will pay for all, when I die, when I die
And me neck will pay for all, when I die

I've got 20 pounds in store, that's not all, that's not all
I've got 20 pounds in store, that's not all
I've got 20 pounds in store and I'll rob for 20 more
For the rich must help the poor, so must I, so must I
For the rich must help the poor, so must I

Oh, they took me to Coot Hill in a cart, in a cart
Oh, they took me to Coot Hill in a cart
Oh, they took me to Coot Hill and 'twas there I made my will
For the best of friends must part, so must I, so must I
For the best of friends must part, so must I

Up the ladder I did grope, that's no joke, that's no joke
Up the ladder I did grope, that's no joke
Up the ladder I did grope and the hangman pulled the rope
And ne'er a word I spoke, tumblin' down, tumblin' down
And ne'er a word I spoke, tumblin' down

Oh, me name it is Sam Hall, chimney sweep, chimney sweep
Oh, me name it is Sam Hall, chimney sweep
Oh, me name it is Sam Hall and I hate ya's one and all
You're a bunch of muggers all, damn your eyes, damn your eyes
You're a bunch of muggers all, damn your eyes

I had never heard of the other versions. I'm glad to get them. Thanks....John


HTML line breaks added. -JoeClone 09-Jan-2001


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: need LRYICS: SAM HALL
From: Boston Bill
Date: 11 Jul 99 - 05:35 AM

Anyone point me to these words? We'll sing them in Boston. Thanks


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: Lyr Add: SAM HALL
From: Lesley N.
Date: 11 Jul 99 - 06:21 AM

There's one version in the database under SAM SMALL - enter it in the box in the upper right hand corner. It's a variant of Jack Hall. (In 1701 a chimney named Jack Hall was hanged for burglary.) These are a set of lyrics that were written by an English comic minstrel, C.W. Ross, in the 1850's. It's sung to the tune Ye Jacobites by Name (though I believe someone wrote me and said that's not always the case).

Now my name is Samuel Hall,
Samuel Hall, Samuel Hall
Oh my name is Samuel Hall, Samuel Hall
Oh my name is Samuel Hall,
and I hate you one and all
You're a bunch of mucker's all
Blast your eyes.
You're a bunch of mucker's all
Blast your eyes.

Now I killed a man they said
So they said, so they said
Oh I killed a man they said
Yes they said
I killed a man they said
And I left him layin dead
Cause I bashed his bloody head
Blast his eyes.
Caused I bashed his bloody head
Blast his eyes.

Now they put me in the quad
In the quad, In the quad
Oh they put me in the quad, in the quad
Oh they put me in the quad
and they left me there by God
Fastened to a bloody chain rod
Blast there eyes.
Fastened to a bloody chain rod
Blast there eyes.

Now the preacher he did come
He did come, he did come
Oh the preacher he did come he did come
Oh the preacher he did come
And he looked so doggone glum
As he talked of Kingdom Come
Blast his eyes.
As he talked of Kingdom Come
Blast his eyes.

And the sheriff he come too
He come too, he come too
Oh the sheriff he come too he come too
Oh the sheriff he come too
With his yellow boys and blue
Sayin Sam I'll see you through
Blast your eyes.
Sayin Sam I'll see you through
Blast your eyes.

Oh it's up the rope I go I go I go
It's up the rope I go I go
Oh it's up the rope I go
While you critters down below
Are sayin Sam I told you so
Blast your eyes.
Are sayin Sam I told you so
Blast your eyes.

Oh it's swingin I must go
I must go I must go
It's a swingin I must go, I must go
It's a swingin I must go
Just because she loved him so
Just because she loved him so
Blast her eyes.
Just because she loved him so
Blast her eyes.

I must hang until I'm dead
Til I'm dead, Til I'm dead
I must hang until I'm dead
I must hang until dead
Caused I killed a man they said
And left him layin dead
Blast his eyes.
And left him layin dead
Blast his eyes.
^^


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: RE: need LRYICS: SAM HALL
From: Boston Bill
Date: 11 Jul 99 - 01:17 PM

Leslie N., Thanks for your helpful and historical response. Is there a popular Pub version done by Paddy Reilly? Some words may be "up the ladder I did go..." and "my neck will pay for all..." Thanks Boston Bill


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: RE: need LRYICS: SAM HALL
From: Susan of DT
Date: 11 Jul 99 - 01:36 PM

The title in the database is Samuel Small. Sam Small features in a couple of recitations. See also: Tallow Candles, which is related and has the two lines you mentioned in the second posting.


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: RE: need LRYICS: SAM HALL
From: Boston Bill
Date: 11 Jul 99 - 05:45 PM

Susan- Thanks, Tallow Candles is a clone or vice versa. But I'm still hoping for SAM HALL(the not so famous chimney sweep). Boston Bill


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: RE: need LRYICS: SAM HALL
From: Helen
Date: 11 Jul 99 - 06:04 PM

Bill, I have the words in one of my music folders somewhere. I'm about to go to work so I'll find it and type it in in the next day or so - but maybe someone will already have them or find them somewhere on the net.

Helen


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: Lyr Add: SAM HALL
From: Ted from Australia
Date: 11 Jul 99 - 06:07 PM

mabe this is the Sam Hall that you are looking for

Sam Hall

Now my name is Sam Hall, Chimney Sweep, Chimney Sweep
Oh my name is Sam Hall, Chimney Sweep
Oh my name is Sam Hall,
And I I rob both rich and small
But me neck will pay for all whem I die, when i die.
Yes me neck will pay for all whem I die

I have twenty Pounds In store Thats not all , Thats not all ,
I have twenty Pounds In store, Thats not all
I have twenty Pounds In store,
and I'll rob for tweny more
Oh the rich must help the poor so must I, so must I
Oh the rich must help the poor so must I

Now I killed a man they said, so they said, so they said
Oh I killed a man they said, so they said
Oh I killed a man they said I bashed in his bloody head
And I left him bloody dead
Blast his eyes damn his Soul
And I left him bloody dead, Blast his eyes

Ah They took me to Cooth Hill In a cart, in a cart
Ah They took me to Cooth Hill In a cart
Ah They took me to Cooth Hill and I stopped to make me will
Oh The best of friends must part so must I, so must I
Oh The best of friends must part so must I

Up the ladder I did Grope that's no joke , that's no joke,
Up the ladder I did Grope that's no joke
Up the ladder I did Grope and the hangman pulled the rope
And ne're a word I spoke, tumblin' down, tumblin' down
And ne're a word I spoke, tumblin' down

Now my name is Sam Hall, Chimney Sweep, Chimney Sweep
Oh my name is Sam Hall, Chimney Sweep
Oh my name is Sam Hall,And I hates yers one and all
You're a bunch of bastards all
Blast your eyes. Damn your souls
You're a bunch of bastards all, Blast your eyes.



Collected in Darwin circa 1972 from the singing of Paul and Vinnie Lawler who introduced it as a music hall song

Regatrds Ted


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: RE: need LRYICS: SAM HALL
From: Ted from Australia
Date: 11 Jul 99 - 06:11 PM

'Scuse the typing and lack of breaks ( I trusted Word 7 replace)


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: RE: need LRYICS: SAM HALL
From: Legal Eagle
Date: 11 Jul 99 - 06:14 PM

That last posting is very close to the one sung here in Kent by, amongst others Paul Carr who I think learned it as a music hall song. The verse I almost remember went "Oh my name it is Sam Hall , it is Sam Hall/ Oh my name it is Sam Hall it is Sam Hall/ Oh my name it is Sam Hall/ And I hate you one and all/(forgotten this line)/ God damn your eyes."


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: Lyr Add: SAM HALL
From: Ted from Australia
Date: 11 Jul 99 - 06:16 PM

Sam Hall

Now my name is Sam Hall, Chimney Sweep, Chimney Sweep
Oh my name is Sam Hall, Chimney Sweep
Oh my name is Sam Hall,
And I hate you one and all
You're a bunch of mucker's(bastards) all
Blast your eyes. Damn your souls
You're a bunch of mucker's all, Blast your eyes.


I have twenty Pounds In store Thats not all , Thats not all ,
I have twenty Pounds In store, Thats not all
I have twenty Pounds In store,
and I'll rob for tweny more
Oh the rich must help the poor so must I, so must I
Oh the rich must help the poor so must I


Now I killed a man they said, so they said, so they said
Oh I killed a man they said, so they said
Oh I killed a man they said bashed in his bloody head
And I left him layin dead
Blast his eyes damn his Soul
And I left him layin dead, Blast his eyes


Ah They took me to Cooth Hill In a cart, in a cart
Ah They took me to Cooth Hill In a cart
Ah They took me to Cooth Hill and I stopped to make me will
Oh The best of friends must part so must I, so must I
Oh The best of friends must part so must I


Up the ladder I did Grope that's no joke , thats no joke,
Up the ladder I did Grope that's no joke
Up the ladder I did Grope and the hangman pulled the rope
And ne're a word I spoke, tumblin' down, tumblin' down
And ne're a word I spoke, tumblin' down

Repeat V1

Collected in Darwin circa 1972 from the singing of Paul and Vinnie Lawler who introduced it as a music hall song

^^


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: RE: need LRYICS: SAM HALL
From: Lesley N.
Date: 11 Jul 99 - 08:02 PM

Sounds more and more like Sam Small...


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: RE: Add Lyrics SAM HALL
From: Susan of DT
Date: 11 Jul 99 - 08:03 PM

Interesting, Ted. It's a mix of Sam Hall and Tallow Candles (which are related anyway).


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: RE: need LRYICS: SAM HALL
From: Dick Wisan
Date: 11 Jul 99 - 11:45 PM

Is the tune of this different from the tune of the song about Captain Kidd, the one that starts unaccountably

Oh, my name was Robert Kidd, when I sailed, when I sailed

Kidd's real name was William, but they (somebody) sang it Robert.


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: RE: need LRYICS: SAM HALL
From: Joe Offer
Date: 12 Jul 99 - 03:29 AM

Seems there are at least two tunes to this series of songs, Dick -
Ye Jacobites by Name
and Aikendrum (you and I know that tune as "Captain Kidd.")
-Joe Offer-


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: RE: need LRYICS: SAM HALL
From: Steve Parkes
Date: 12 Jul 99 - 03:38 AM

A couple of observations on Lesley's C H Ross version ...
Ross's version was acclaimed as being pretty dreadful (and thus very popular). "Muckers" is not the orignal word! "Quod" (with an "o") is slang for prison.

The tune is one of those that won't lie down. It appears in slightly different forms all over the place: Captain Kidd, Admiral Benbow, a number of scurrilous songs I don't remember from my schooldays; and there was a song called "In Mobile", which I could never tell if it was rude or not: Joe?!

Steve


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: RE: need LRYICS: SAM HALL
From: BillyJ
Date: 12 Jul 99 - 07:43 PM

I'm glad someone was able to give you the words as my typing with one finger takes a long time but the version posted above is the one which we sing. We now have 1 new verse, thanks ted from Australia

Billy J Antrim


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: Tune Add: SAM HALL (John J Leahy)
From: John in Brisbane
Date: 12 Jul 99 - 11:59 PM

This is the tune that I associate with Sam Hall, certainly quite different to Ye Jacobites By Name or Captain Kidd. Ted, is this the tune that you know?

Regards
John

MIDI file: samhall2.mid

Timebase: 192

Name: SAM HALL
Text: By John J Leahy
Copyright: Copyright © 1999 by John J Leahy
Key: G
TimeSig: 4/4 24 8
Start
0000 1 67 110 0094 0 67 000 0002 1 69 110 0094 0 69 000 0002 1 71 110 0256 0 71 000 0032 1 69 110 0094 0 69 000 0002 1 71 110 0160 0 71 000 0032 1 67 110 0160 0 67 000 0032 1 64 110 0336 0 64 000 0048 1 62 110 0160 0 62 000 0032 1 64 110 0160 0 64 000 0032 1 67 110 0336 0 67 000 0048 1 69 110 0094 0 69 000 0002 1 71 110 0256 0 71 000 0032 1 69 110 0528 0 69 000 0048 1 67 110 0094 0 67 000 0002 1 71 110 0094 0 71 000 0002 1 71 110 0256 0 71 000 0032 1 69 110 0094 0 69 000 0002 1 71 110 0160 0 71 000 0032 1 67 110 0160 0 67 000 0032 1 64 110 0336 0 64 000 0048 1 62 110 0160 0 62 000 0032 1 64 110 0160 0 64 000 0032 1 67 110 1104 0 67 000 0048 1 69 110 0160 0 69 000 0032 1 71 110 0160 0 71 000 0032 1 72 110 0256 0 72 000 0032 1 71 110 0094 0 71 000 0002 1 72 110 0160 0 72 000 0032 1 74 110 0094 0 74 000 0002 1 76 110 0432 0 76 000 0048 1 74 110 0160 0 74 000 0032 1 72 110 0160 0 72 000 0032 1 74 110 0256 0 74 000 0032 1 71 110 0094 0 71 000 0002 1 69 110 0160 0 69 000 0032 1 67 110 0160 0 67 000 0032 1 69 110 0528 0 69 000 0048 1 67 110 0094 0 67 000 0002 1 69 110 0094 0 69 000 0002 1 71 110 0256 0 71 000 0032 1 69 110 0094 0 69 000 0002 1 71 110 0160 0 71 000 0032 1 67 110 0160 0 67 000 0032 1 64 110 0336 0 64 000 0048 1 62 110 0160 0 62 000 0032 1 64 110 0160 0 64 000 0032 1 67 110 0336 0 67 000 0048 1 69 110 0094 0 69 000 0002 1 71 110 0256 0 71 000 0032 1 69 110 0336 0 69 000 0048 1 67 110 0160 0 67 000 0032 1 69 110 0160 0 69 000 0032 1 71 110 0256 0 71 000 0032 1 69 110 0094 0 69 000 0002 1 71 110 0160 0 71 000 0032 1 67 110 0160 0 67 000 0032 1 64 110 0336 0 64 000 0048 1 62 110 0160 0 62 000 0032 1 64 110 0160 0 64 000 0032 1 67 110 0528 0 67 000
End

This program is worth the effort of learning it.

To download the March 10 MIDItext 98 software and get instructions on how to use it click here

ABC format:

X:1
T:SAM HALL
M:4/4
Q:1/4=120
K:G
GAB3AB2|G2E4D2|E2G4AB|-B2A6|GBB3AB2|G2E4D2|
E2G6|-G6A2|B2c3Bc2|de5d2|c2d3BA2|G2A6|GAB3AB2|
G2E4D2|E2G4AB|-B2A4G2|A2B3AB2|G2E4D2|E2G11/2||


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: RE: Add Lyrics SAM HALL
From: Ted from Australia
Date: 13 Jul 99 - 07:41 AM

John ,
This is the prompt that i needed . I have been promising myself to do something about downloading and learning Allans program give me a aday or so and I will let you know
The tune that I use is similar to "Ye Jacobites By Name" Ye Jacobites By Name Ye Jacobites By NameYe Jacobites By Name

Regards Ted


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: RE: Add Lyrics SAM HALL
From: Ted from Australia
Date: 13 Jul 99 - 08:07 AM

Don't know how I did those repeats!!


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: RE: Add Lyrics SAM HALL
From: Ted from Australia
Date: 13 Jul 99 - 10:16 AM

John,Did I say a day or so ? I HAVE GOT IT *and* I have made it work on the file you posted (big grin of achievment)and YES that's the tune I use. Thank you for the prompt, and thanx to Joe for showing me where to go to download (the posted link has some problems) and to Allan for the prog.

Regards, Ted. :-)>


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: RE: Add Lyrics SAM HALL
From: John in Brisbane
Date: 13 Jul 99 - 07:57 PM

Congratulations Ted, and welcome to the Mudcat Forum with sound!

Did you use Allan's program to convert the Mudcat text into a MIDI file, and then play the file using Media Player (or similar)?

Mudcatters would certainly appreciate you feedback as to how easy (or otherwise) you found it. Maybe a response to Joe's new thread would help others.

Regards
John


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: RE: Add Lyrics SAM HALL
From: Ted from Australia
Date: 14 Jul 99 - 07:25 AM

john OB
Done

Regards, Ted.


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate

Subject: RE: need LRYICS: SAM HALL
From: Boston Bill
Date: 21 Jul 99 - 10:52 PM

Thanks to all --- Great help. I picked Ted's as the closest version. We have yet to sing it though. Boston Bill


Post - Top - Home - Printer Friendly - Translate
  Share Thread:
More...

Reply to Thread
Subject:  Help
From:
Preview   Automatic Linebreaks   Make a link ("blue clicky")


Mudcat time: 20 January 8:31 AM EST

[ Home ]

All original material is copyright © 1998 by the Mudcat Café Music Foundation, Inc. All photos, music, images, etc. are copyright © by their rightful owners. Every effort is taken to attribute appropriate copyright to images, content, music, etc. We are not a copyright resource.